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International Marketing

Cases from Malaysia

This book is a collection of ten cases encountered by Malaysian firms when marketing beyond the national boundary. Focusing on real life problems, the cases are selected from five industries, namely frozen prawns, ceramic tiles, cane furniture, cake mix, and fresh cut orchids. Thought-provoking questions are provided at the end of each case to serve as guides for users. Executive and business students who wish to develop and sharpen their analytical and decision-making capabilities will find the cases both interesting and beneficial. The book is expected to be used along with other pedagogical methods for management training and education.

Preface My interest in problems encountered by Malaysian firms that engage in
international marketing and export activities goes back to the late seventies when
l was asked to conduct a survey of Malaysian exporters for the International ...

Southeast Asians and the Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM)

State's Interests and Institution's Longevity

The inauguration of the Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) in Bangkok in 1996 was celebrated with enthusiasm and hopes in the two regions because this forum represented a breakthrough in Asia-Europe relations. The region-to-region pattern of the relations becomes the study framework that enables the explorations of central themes which include the Asian regional identity, ASEAN collective diplomatic prominence, and the informality of the ASEM institution. In exploring those central themes, this book applies constructivist, realist, and neo-liberal institutional theories consecutively. The difference between Asian and European cooperative culture, as well as the longevity of an international institution, adds to the picture. This book contributes not only to the study of Asia-Europe relations but also to the understanding of regionalism in Asia.

This book contributes not only to the study of Asia-Europe relations but also to the understanding of regionalism in Asia.

Islam and the State in Indonesia

This book explains the relationship between Islam and the state and politics in contemporary Indonesia. President Soeharto's departure from office in May 1998 brought tremendous and far-reaching impacts to Indonesia's political landscape. At least 181 new political parties came into being, a sizeable portion of which use Islam as their symbol and ideological basis.

Syadzali, Islam dan Tata Negara, p. 16. According to Munawir Syadzali, other
parameters of a theocratic state include (1) the making of the Holy Scriptures as
the source of the law of the land; and (2) the state leadership being in the hands
of religious leaders. These parameters must converge all together in a state for it
to be called a theocratic state. For details on this account, see his “Negara
Pancasila Bukan Negara Agama dan Bukan Negara Sekuler” (Unpublished
paper, n.d).

Opportunities and Challenges for Asian-Arabian Ties

Contains the text of the Singapore Lecture delivered by Prince Sultan Bin Abdul Aziz Al-Saud on 11 April 2006.

... East-West Relations by GISCARD DʼESTAING 4th Singapore Lecture 10
November 1983 The Soviet Union: Challenges and Responses as Seen from the
European Point of View by HELMUT SCHMIDT 5th Singapore Lecture 8
November 1984 The Western Alliance: Its Future and Its Implications for Asia by
JOSEPH M.A.H. LUNS 6th Singapore Lecture 5 December 1985 Deficits, Debts,
and Demographics: Three Fundamentals Affecting Our Long-Term Economic
Future by PETER ...

Of Palm Wine, Women and War

The Mongolian Naval Expedition to Java in the 13th Century

What would a history that put women at the centre of the rise and fall of kingdoms be like? When the armies of Khubilai arrived on Java in 1293, they found themselves in the middle of two warring states. Two historical traditions developed concerning the ensuing events: the official Chinese dynastic records in which no women are mentioned, and a number of Javanese histories and poems in which everything depends upon the actions and fates of certain women. The Chinese account has long been regarded as factual, whilst the Javanese versions have been dismissed as mere romance, their women stereotypical representations of male fantasies. But what happens if the women and the narratives about them are taken seriously rather than dismissed? Of Palm Wine, Women and War offers just such a reading.

Then Wiraraja advised Wijaya to try to enter into Jayakatwang's graces for which
he would offer his mediation. Wijaya would keep his eyes open and whenever he
considered that the time was best he would ask the king about the land of Trik;
the Madhurese would clear the land prior to his arrival. Wijaya must then take the
people of Tumapel there to his new settlement and bind the people of Daha to
him with money and good words. Wijaya went according to this plan and soon an
 ...

Credit and Debt in Indonesia, 860-1930

From Peonage to Pawnshop, from Kongsi to Cooperative

Credit and debt are practical concerns of all times and places. They are also increasingly important topics in economic history and the social sciences, from Marcel Mauss and the anthropology of the gift to the urgent quest for understanding of today's global credit crunch. This volume brings together eight essays on credit and debt in the history of Indonesia, where for centuries debt and debt bondage played central roles in the organization of society, and where efforts to combat 'usury' an...

By the time of European contact, these customs, mixed with borrowings from the
major legal traditions of South Asia and the Middle East, had long been codified
into law. Although the law codes of much of western Indonesia and the Malay ...

Shari'a & Constitutional Reform in Indonesia

This book focuses on constitutional reform in Indonesia (1999-2002) from the perspective of shari'a. The study reveals one possible picture of how Islam and constitutionalism can co-exist in the same vision, not without risk of tension, but with the possibility of success.

The term “rule of law” has no fixed meaning. It originated in normative writings on
law and government, principally by Western authors, and each tailored the term
to fit his or her vision of the “ideal” or “just” state. As a consequence, one recent ...

Regional Dynamics in a Decentralized Indonesia

Indonesia is the world's largest archipelagic state. In 2001 it embarked on a "big bang" decentralization involving a major transfer of administrative, political and financial authority to its districts, now numbering more than 500. Together with the rapid transition from authoritarian to democratic rule in the late 1990s, this initiative has transformed the country's political, social and business life. While national government is the major area of contestation, power has shifted irreversibly away from the centre. How this significantly increased regional autonomy works will have a crucial bearing on the future of the Indonesian nation-state. This volume features contributions by over 40 writers with deep expertise on Indonesia. The book provides a timely, comprehensive and analytical assessment of the country's regional development dynamics in the post-decentralization environment. It explores historical, political and development patterns at the regional level; the relationship between decentralization and governance; local-level perspectives; migration, cities and connectivity; and the challenges confronting the peripheral regions of Aceh and Papua.

Table 9.3 shows the key political institutions in Vietnam (and Indonesia).
Incentives facing local leaders in Vietnam A typical career trajectory for a
successful Vietnamese official is to start out as an official in a commune or district
before being ...

Indonesian Living Standards

Before and After the Financial Crisis

The Asian financial crisis in 1997-98 was a serious blow to a thirty-year period of rapid growth in East and Southeast Asia. This book uses the Indonesia Family Life Surveys (IFLS) from late 1997 and late 2000 to examine changes in living standards for Indonesians from just before the start of the crisis to three years after. Indonesian Living Standards Before and After the Financial Crisis, using the rich data in IFLS to provide a true-to-life look at living conditions in Indonesia, is an important reference for policymakers working on economic issues affecting Indonesia.

IFLS3 fieldwork was headed by John Strauss and Agus Dwiyanto, Principal
Investigators, and Kathleen Beegle and Bondan Sikoki, coPrincipal Investigators.
Victoria Beard was a co-Principal Investigator in the early stages of the project.
Fieldwork was co-ordinated by the Center for Population and Policy Studies,
University of Gadjah Mada, Agus Dwiyanto, Director; with Bondan Sikoki as Field
Director; Elan Satriawan, Associate Director; Cecep Sumantri, head of fieldwork
for the ...

Demography of Indonesia's Ethnicity

Indonesia, the largest country in Southeast Asia, has as its national motto “Unity in Diversity.” In 2010, Indonesia stood as the world’s fourth most populous country after China, India and the United States, with 237.6 million people. This archipelagic country contributed 3.5 per cent to the world’s population in the same year. The country’s demographic and political transitions have resulted in an emerging need to better understand the ethnic composition of Indonesia. This book aims to contribute to that need. It is a demographic study on ethnicity, mostly relying on the tabulation provided by the BPS (Badan Pusat Statistik; Statistics-Indonesia) based on the complete data set of the 2010 population census. The information on ethnicity was collected for 236,728,379 individuals, a huge data set. The book has four objectives: To produce a new comprehensive classification of ethnic groups to better capture the rich diversity of ethnicity in Indonesia; to report on the ethnic composition in Indonesia and in each of the thirty three provinces using the new classification; to evaluate the dynamics of the fifteen largest ethnic groups in Indonesia during 2000–2010; and to examine the religions and languages of each of the fifteen largest ethnic groups.

... 260 in Chinese, 273 in Javanese, 268 in West Papua, 260 Pubian Telu Suku,
44 Pujakekal (Putra Jawa Kelahiran Kalimantan), 285 PUJAKESUMA (Putra
Jawa Kelahiran Sumatra), 286 Pulau Dewata, 93 Pulau Putri island, 46 R
Rambang, ...