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Solid State Physics

Solid State Physics opens with the adiabatic approximation to the many-body problem of a system of ions and valence electrons. After chapters on lattice symmetry, structure and dynamics, it then proceeds with four chapters devoted to the single-electron theory of the solid state. Semiconductors and dielectrics are covered in depth and chapters on magnetism and superconductivity follow. The book concludes with a chapter on solid surfaces. Every section is followed by solved problems, some of them illustrating areas of current interest in solid state physics, to give the student a practical working knowledge of the subject, and the text is illustrated by many supplementary examples.

Solid-State Shear Pulverization

From the Preface This book is the first extended look at a new and multifaceted polymer processing technology that has already been discussed in numerous articles. Called Solid-State Shear Pulverization (S3P), this innovative process produces polymeric powders with unique physical properties not found in the output of conventional size-reduction methods.... This technology, which utilizes a pulverizer based on a modified co-rotating twin-screw extruder..., has profound implications for both the creation of new polymer blends and recycling of plastic and rubber waste. Unlike [earlier processes] where polymers are melted prior to pulverization, ...pulverizing mixtures of polymers with the S3P process...does not involve melting. By contrast, S3P maintains polymers in the solid state and avoids the additional heat history that occurs during [other processes], which can be detrimental to the physical properties of pulverized materials. The research and development of the S3P technology...has grown significantly since 1990 from the development of a new plastics recycling process to a much broader polymer processing method that allows intimate mixing of polymers with very different viscosities, sold-state dispersion of additives, including pigments, and continuous production of powder with unique shapes and larger surface areas. Polymeric powders are of growing importance to plastics processors due to the increase use of plastics in various applications, such as rotational molding, powder coatings, and compounding, which require powder as the feedstock. ...[I]t has become clear that this process allows for in-situ compatibilization of dissimilar polymers by applying mechanical energy to cause chemical reactions. This aspect of S3P technology that we describe in this book should [be useful in] developing new polymer blends with the use of pre-made compatibilizing agents. In addition, it has been discovered that S3P efficiently mixes polymer blends with different component viscosities, resulting in the elimination of phase inversion. The S3P process directly produces blends with matrix and dispersed phase morphology like those obtained after phase inversion during a long melt-mixing process. This phenomenon is of practical importance because a long processing time is required by conventional melt-mixing to produce a stable blend morphology. S3P is also advantageous for producing thermoplastic or thermoset powder-coating compounds in a one-step process as opposed to a conventional multi-step operation that involves melt extrusion followed by batch grinding. The major capabilities of this new process can be summarized as follows: o Continuous powder production from plastics or rubber feedstocks o Blending of immiscible polymers o Efficient mixing of polymers with unmatched viscosities o Environmentally friendly recycling of multicolored, commingled plastics waste o Sold-state dispersion of heat-sensitive additives o Engineered plastic/rubber blends Materials and processes well illustrated The text is well illustrated with 60 photographs, micrographs, diagrams and others figures. Here is a small sampling of the captions of these figures. o Particle-size distribution for virgin LDPE powder made with PT-25 pulverizer o Optical photograph of virgin LDPE powder made with PT-25 pulverizer o Layout for a three-stage rubber pulverizer o Flow chart for powder coating production by conventional process and with new S3P technology o SEM image of pulverized virgin PP at 40X (first in series of SEM images of polymer powders) o Optical micrograph of melt-crystallized thin films of unpulverized virgin PP under polarized light o Log of viscosity vs. log shear rate for virgin HDPE after S3P processing o Gel permeation chromatograms (GPC) of polystyrene subjected to S3P processing Color-photo section One of the several functions of Solid-State Shear Pulverization technology is recycling mixed plastic waste. This section of twenty full-color photographs and micrographs illustrates different processed materials, as well as the machinery and mixed waste used. Here is a small sampling of the photo and micrograph captions. o Resultant flake feedstock from granulation o S3P-made uniform powder from feedstock o Flake feedstock of post-consumer HDPE/PP blend (90/10 ratio) o Injection-molded test bar (with translucence) made from S3P powder without pelletization o Injection-molded test bar made from S3P powder without pelletization showing uniform color o Several test bars subjected to tensile testing showing exceptionally high elongation at break Useful reference data in tables More than 60 tables provide useful data in convenient form. Here is a small sampling of table captions. o Physical properties of virgin PP 8020 GU injection-molded from S3P-made powder (first in series of tables on physical properties of various plastics processed from S3P-made powder) o Sieve analysis of powder resulting from S3P of virgin LDPE 509.48 (one of series of tables on sieve analysis of polymer powders) o Melt-flow rate before and after S3P processing for virgin PS and two PP samples o Key physical properties of injection-molded post-consumer polyolefin blends pulverized by S3P process The Authors Klementina Khait, M.S. Ch.E., Ph.D., is Research Associate Professor and Director of the Polymer Technology Center in the Department of Chemical Engineering, Northwestern University. Her industrial experience in polymer science and engineering includes work with Borg-Warner Chemicals and Quantum Chemical Corporation. She received her two advanced degrees, in chemical engineering and polymer chemistry, from the Technological Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia. Dr. Khait holds several patents and has published more than 50 papers in scientific and technical journals. Stephen Carr, Ph.D., is Professor of Materials Science and Engineering and Chemical Engineering at Northwestern University. His industrial work includes work in polymer science and engineering with General Motors Corp. He received a doctorate in polymer science from Case Western Reserve University. He has been on the Northwestern University faculty since 1969. Martin H. Mack is Vice President for R&D with the Berstorff Division of Krauss-Maffei Corporation. He holds an engineering degree from the University of Stuttgart. He has served for more than ten years on the Board of Directors of the Society of Plastics Engineers (SPE).

Building on Enikolopyan's work, researchers at Northwestern University have
developed the Solid-State Shear Pulverization (S3P) process, focusing on
polymer powder production, mechanochemical reactions, development of new
polymer ...

SPSS in Practice, 2Ed

An illustrated guide

SPSS in Practice provides a practical guide to statistical analysis of data using the latest (10th) version of SPSS. The concise text is highly illustrated with screen shots that take you step-by-step through data entry, the choice of the appropriate test, and the implementation and interpretation of the test selected. Whether you are a first-time user or seeking to update and broaden your use of this widely used program, SPSS in Practice will be an invaluable guide.

The concise text is highly illustrated with screen shots that take you step-by-step through data entry, the choice of the appropriate test, and the implementation and interpretation of the test selected.

Step by Step Phacoemulsification

Since phacoemulsification is the norm for cataract surgery today, it is essential that the basic steps for this established procedure are mastered by all. In this concise text, the illustrious Drs. Agarwal - Sunita, Athiya and Amar - teach the reader step by step techniques and procedures that make it possible to extract a cataract and implant a lens through the smallest of incisions. In addition to the basics, the authors cover no-anesthesia cataract surgery and the management of complications like dropped nuclei. Clearly presented and easy to follow, Step by Step Phaco is prescribed reading for all involved in the routine of cataract surgery.

Since phacoemulsification is the norm for cataract surgery today, it is essential that the basic steps for this established procedure are mastered by all. In this concise text, the illustrious Drs.

Drug Calculations for Nurses: A Step-by-Step Approach 3rd Edition

This best-selling pocket-sized book helps you perform drug calculations with confidence and competence. The completely updated third edition includes community practice and primary care settings, and a whole new section on pharmacology and medicines to put drug calculations into context. Starting with the basic mathematical skills required for calculations, including tips on using calculators and estimating answers, Drug Calculations for Nurses progresses to give you an understanding of basic pharmacokinetics and therapeutics. It also covers how drugs work in specific groups such as children and the elderly. The book takes you through step-by-step drug calculations with units and drug strengths clearly explained. Pre-test and a revision questions allow you to test and be confident in the skills you have acquired.

Robert Lapham, Heather Agar. DRUG CALCULATIONS FOR NURSES Third
Edition A STEP - BY - STEP APPROACH Third Edition A STEP - BY - STEP
APPROACH DRUG.

Step-by-Step QFD

Customer-Driven Product Design, Second Edition

Wouldn't it be great if you could design a product with the customer in mind - right from the very start? Well, now there's a way: Quality Function Development, or QFD, translates the needs of the consumer directly into the design and development of new products and services. By focusing on customer needs and incorporating them into every phase of the manufacturing process, it eliminates waste and improves customer satisfaction. And that means increased sales, greater profits, and a bigger share of the market. Step-by-Step QFD is a practical, hands-on guide to implementing QFD at any organization. Written by an expert in the field, it shoes how the intensive study of consumer needs can be used to help you dramatically outperform the competition. In fact, the strategies outlined in this book have already met with great success at a number of corporations both within and outside of the United States. This workbook includes a case study of QFD in action, 34 helpful workshops, and an analysis of the synergy between QFD, TRIZ, and Taguchi. So whether you're a QFD trainer, project manager, design engineer, or manufacturer, Step-by-Step QFD will show you how to let one voice drive your entire design process - the customer's!

Voice Amlvsis I U »n □111 i Demoded Quli ly Qufi»l irin I □ ! f Step-by-Step QFD
for Product Design PeTforaaicc Drmmdcd Qui II > Pcrfor bjicc Customer Input
Prtorlilei Denrtd TirfCK Ttrjel Coaccpli r^ Minoricturinx Condiuoat BtH Coicepi t_p
 ...

Handbook of Scientific Proposal Writing

Investigators, their home institutions, and funding agencies play significant roles in the development and outcomes of scientific projects. Submitting a proposal to a funding agency is only one dimension of a multivariable and complex funding process, and understanding this is a good first step toward unlocking the puzzle behind why some research proposals receive awards while others are declined. The Handbook of Scientific Proposal Writing offers researchers and research administrators a broad perspective on the process of initiating and conducting funded scientific research projects. Written for students and researchers in all fields and disciplines, this reference offers a holistic approach to conceiving and then converting new ideas into effective proposals. It focuses on the technical aspects of writing proposals rather than the fund-raising issues. Chapters provide full coverage of the scientific method, including information on how scientific research should be conducted. Providing the tools necessary to organize ideas and obtain the funds needed to effectively manage projects, the Handbook of Scientific Proposal Writing includes: 56 figures and 25 tables to help convey key ideas More than 150 citations that provide pointers to additional sources for further reading Examples to help the reader ease through more abstract concepts End-of-chapter questions to stimulate further examination and comprehension

... finding the idea of writing this book a worthwhile endeavor and keeping me on
track through all of its critical phases. Author A. Yavuz Oruç, Ph.D.,.received.a.B.
Sc..in.electrical.engineering.from.the. Middle.East.Technical.University.in.1976,.

Implementing the Project Management Balanced Scorecard

Business managers have long known the power of the Balanced Scorecard in executing corporate strategy. Implementing the Project Management Balanced Scorecard shows project managers how they too can use this framework to meet strategic objectives. It supplies valuable insight into the project management process as a whole and provides detailed explanations on how to effectively implement the balanced scorecard to measure and manage performance and projects. The book details a tactical approach for implementing the scorecard approach at the project level and investigates numerous sample scorecards, metrics, and techniques. It examines recent research on critical issues such as performance measurement and management, continuous process improvement, benchmarking, metrics selection, and people management. It also explains how to integrate these issues with the four perspectives of the balanced scorecard: customer, business processes, learning and innovation, and financial. Filled with examples and case histories, the book directly relates the scorecard concept to the major project management steps of determining scope, scheduling, estimation, risk management, procurement, and project termination. It includes a plethora of resources on the accompanying CD-ROM—including detailed instructions for developing a measurement program, a full metrics guide, a sample project plan, and a set of project management fill-in forms.

The topic of project estimation lends itself nicely to balanced scorecard. Cost
estimation and budgeting utilize quantitative methods, which can be easily tied to
measures in one or more of the four scorecard perspectives. In this chapter we ...

Implementing the IT Balanced Scorecard

Aligning IT with Corporate Strategy

The goals of an IT balanced scorecard include the alignment of IT plans with business objectives, the establishment of measures of IT effectiveness, the directing of employee efforts toward IT objectives, the improved performance of technology, and the achievement of balanced results across stakeholder groups. CIOs, CTOs, and other technical managers can achieve these goals by considering multiple perspectives, long- and short-term objectives, and how the IT scorecard is linked to other scorecards throughout their organizations. Implementing the IT Balanced Scorecard: Aligning IT with Corporate Strategy lays the groundwork for implementing the scorecard approach, and successfully integrating it with corporate strategy. This volume thoroughly explains the concept of the scorecard framework from both the corporate and IT perspectives. It provides examples, case histories, and current research for critical issues such as performance measurement and management, continuous process improvement, benchmarking, metrics selection, and people management. The book also discusses how to integrate these issues with the four perspectives of the balanced scorecard: customer, business processes, learning, and innovation and financial.

My MBA students at the University of Phoenix did a thorough analysis of eBay
from a balanced scorecard perspective. Their goal was to do a thorough literature
search concerning eBay, assess the eBay “experience,” and then debate eBay's
 ...

E-Commerce, E-Business and E-Service

The 2014 International Conference on E-Commerce, E-Business and E-Service (EEE 2014) was held on May 1-2, 2014, Hong Kong. This proceedings volume assembles papers from various professionals, leading researchers, engineers, scientists and students and presents innovative ideas and research results focused on the progress of E-Commerce, E-Business and E-Service. The papers in this book group around the following topics: E-Commerce, E-Business and E-Service, Internet Computing and Information Services, Computer science and Technology and ICT for Business and Management.

The papers in this book group around the following topics: E-Commerce, E-Business and E-Service, Internet Computing and Information Services, Computer science and Technology and ICT for Business and Management.