English as a Lingua Franca (ELF) research has become central in current debates in linguistics and is commonly referred to in conferences dealing with other sub-fields of sociolinguistics. This volume collects ten papers that testify to the great scope of ELF research currently being carried out through the analysis of different kinds of data in a variety of contexts and domains. The three chapters in the first part of the volume tackle computer-mediated communication, a medium that currently accounts for a great proportion of human communication. The four contributions in the second section differ with regards to the domains under investigation, and all touch upon social issues that have an impact on how language is used: from Vietnamese university students negotiating their identities in the UK to a Pakistani migrant making efforts to be understood by Italian officials. Finally, the three papers in the final part are an example of the many ELF-oriented pedagogical initiatives that have emerged in recent years across educational levels and all over the world. The introduction to the volume also situates ELF research in its current transition to a third phase in which more attention will be paid to the multilingual nature of ELF users. The proposal put forward in the introductory chapter holds that ELF has two well established fronts where more quality work will surely be carried out, and that ELF could benefit from establishing connections to other approaches to multilingualism and languaging, but without forgetting what the E in the acronym stands for.This collection of papers will be of interest to teachers and language practitioners who are curious about the ELF paradigm; researchers in ELF and in sociolinguistics and applied linguistics in general; internet linguists and computer-medaited communication experts; educational policymakers; and undergraduate and postgraduate students taking courses in areas such as applied linguistics, English studies, multilingualism and plurilingualism, and intercultural communication, amongst other fields.
Solid state physics is the branch of physics that is primarily devoted to the study of matter in its solid phase, especially at the atomic level. This prestigious serial presents timely and state-of-the-art reviews pertaining to all aspects of solid state physics. - Continuation of prestigious serial - Covers cutting edge research and topics in solid state physics
mechanical state, taken to be a deformed state, the amount of deformation is
measured with respect to the reference state. The choice of the reference state is
in general arbitrary and for many problems it is convenient to take it as the ...
karena filosofi di balik pembangunan itu adalah ide kolonialisme dan
imperialisme yang telah berganti baju dari imperialisme dan kolonialisme politik
menjadi imperialisme dan kolonialisme ekonomi. Harus diakui bahwa
pembangunan tidak ...
Mereka dilatih di bawah kepemimpinan RPKAD yang kemudian mereka
menamakan gerakannya di bawah Tentara Nasional ... Inggris oleh tentara
Inggris pada bulan Juli tahun 1964 yang manal: latihan pertama mereka
berlangsung di Long Arur Buluh Bayuh. ... Terdapat beberapa kelompok yang
tertarik dalam membantu Brunei dari l, - : : beberapa ancaman, seperti yang
dialami oleh Melud Palung.
This book includes detailed coverage of intellectual property, contract, encryption and liability issues, including allocation of domain names, use of metatags and other forms of search engine optimization, digital signatures and the position of ISPs and other intermediaries. There are case studies on electronic conveyancing and e-taxation. Though the book is written from a UK perspective, comparative material is included from other jurisdictions, including America and Singapore in particular.
This book includes detailed coverage of intellectual property, contract, encryption and liability issues, including allocation of domain names, use of metatags and other forms of search engine optimization, digital signatures and the ...