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Englishnization. Lingua Franca for Global Business

Research Paper from the year 2013 in the subject Business economics - Trade and Distribution, grade: 98.82, - (University of Wisconsin-Platteville), course: ISCM 7100, language: English, abstract: In the last decade, as the nature global economics compels more organizations to expand internationally, the importance of communication, in terms of cultural intelligence, has emerged as a main driver of effective supply chain relationships which increase the efficiency of operations by facilitating collaboration and trust. However, as international trade becomes more complex and the cost of conducting transactions increases, the importance of communication is being reframed in terms of the power of language. Studies show that "time spent communicating equals money, and time ill-spent increases transaction costs" (Selmier & Oh, 2012). As organizational members increasing are forced to interact across linguistic boundaries, the establishment of a lingua franca for global business as a means of counteracting complexities through the creation of group cohesiveness is being embraced by a growing number of multinational corporations. Studies show that mandating English as a corporate lingua franca contributes to the efficiency of business transactions in similar fashion to EDI (electronic data interchange) systems. English is the most widely used and recognizable language in the world. It is spoken at a useful level by more than 1.75 billion people worldwide (Neely, 2012). The use of a common language when conducting business transactions has been shown to promote trust and facilitate process efficiencies that lead to reductions in transaction costs.

Research Paper (postgraduate) from the year 2013 in the subject Business economics - Trade and Distribution, grade: 98.82, course: ISCM 7100, language: English, abstract: In the last decade, as the nature global economics compels more ...

Tafsir

Shi'a Tafsir, Sunni Tafsir, Naskh, Asbab Al-nuzul, List of Tafsir, Splitting of the Moon, Esoteric Interpretation of the Qur'an, Towards Understanding the Qur'an, Fi Zilal Al-Qur'an, Tafsir Al-Tabari, The Holy Qur'an: Text

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 27. Chapters: Shi'a tafsir, Sunni tafsir, Naskh, Asbab al-nuzul, List of tafsir, Splitting of the moon, Esoteric interpretation of the Qur'an, Towards Understanding the Qur'an, Fi Zilal al-Qur'an, Tafsir al-Tabari, The Holy Qur'an: Text, Translation and Commentary, Tafseer-e-Kabeer, Al-Kashshaaf, Kanzul Iman, Dur al-Manthur, Tadabbur-i-Qur'an, Tafseer-e-Siddiqui, Tazkirul Quran, The Meaning of the Qur'an, Tafsir al-Kabir, Risale-i Nur, Tafseer-e-Quadri, Tafsir al-Thalabi, Mafatih al-Janan, Tanwir al-Miqbas, Tafsir al-Mazhari, Tafsir al-Mizan, The Meaning of the Glorious Koran, Tafsir Qudsi, Tafsir al-Qurtubi, Tafsir Urwa-Tul-Wusqa, Holy Quran, Ruh al-Ma'ani, Tafsir al-Jalalayn, Tafsir ibn Kathir, Tafsir al-Baghawi, Tafsir al-Muraghi, Tafsir-e-Usmani, Tafseer-e-Sagheer, Al-Mufradat fi Gharib al-Quran. Excerpt: Naskh ( ) is an Arabic language word usually translated as "abrogation"; it shares the same root as the words appearing in the phrase al-n sikh wal-mans kh (, "the abrogating and abrogated "). It is a term used in Islamic legal exegesis for seemingly contradictory material within or between the twin bases of Islamic holy law: the Qur' n and the Prophetic Sunna. Over the last century, there have come to be serious objections to the very idea of Naskh within the Muslim community; returning to a dissenting attitude from early Muslim history (e.g., Abu Muslim Al-Asfahani 948-1038 C.E), many modern scholars now reject it outright. The emergence of naskh (initially as practice and then as fully elaborated theory) dates back to the first centuries of Islamic civilization. Almost all classical naskh works, for instance, begin by recounting the incident of the Kufan preacher banned from expounding the Qur' n by an early 'ilmic authority figure (usually 'Al but sometimes also Ibn 'Abb s) on account of his ignorance o...

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online.

Tafsir

Shi'a Tafsir, Sunni Tafsir, Naskh, Asbab Al-Nuzul, List of Tafsir, Splitting of the Moon, Esoteric Interpretation of the Qur'an, Towards Under

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 27. Chapters: Shi'a tafsir, Sunni tafsir, Naskh, Asbab al-nuzul, List of tafsir, Splitting of the moon, Esoteric interpretation of the Qur'an, Towards Understanding the Qur'an, Fi Zilal al-Qur'an, Tafsir al-Tabari, The Holy Qur'an: Text, Translation and Commentary, Tafseer-e-Kabeer, Al-Kashshaaf, Kanzul Iman, Dur al-Manthur, Tadabbur-i-Qur'an, Tafseer-e-Siddiqui, Tazkirul Quran, The Meaning of the Qur'an, Tafsir al-Kabir, Risale-i Nur, Tafseer-e-Quadri, Tafsir al-Thalabi, Mafatih al-Janan, Tanwir al-Miqbas, Tafsir al-Mazhari, Tafsir al-Mizan, The Meaning of the Glorious Koran, Tafsir Qudsi, Tafsir al-Qurtubi, Tafsir Urwa-Tul-Wusqa, Holy Quran, Ruh al-Ma'ani, Tafsir al-Jalalayn, Tafsir ibn Kathir, Tafsir al-Baghawi, Tafsir al-Muraghi, Tafsir-e-Usmani, Tafseer-e-Sagheer, Al-Mufradat fi Gharib al-Quran. Excerpt: Naskh ( ) is an Arabic language word usually translated as "abrogation"; it shares the same root as the words appearing in the phrase al-n sikh wal-mans kh (, "the abrogating and abrogated "). It is a term used in Islamic legal exegesis for seemingly contradictory material within or between the twin bases of Islamic holy law: the Qur' n and the Prophetic Sunna. Over the last century, there have come to be serious objections to the very idea of Naskh within the Muslim community; returning to a dissenting attitude from early Muslim history (e.g., Abu Muslim Al-Asfahani 948-1038 C.E), many modern scholars now reject it outright. The emergence of naskh (initially as practice and then as fully elaborated theory) dates back to the first centuries of Islamic civilization. Almost all classical naskh works, for instance, begin by recounting the incident of the Kufan preacher banned from expounding the Qur' n by an early 'ilmic authority figure (usually 'Al but sometimes also Ibn 'Abb s) on...

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online.