Rita Erlinda


Since the implemetation of KBK and KTSP, the goals of teaching English at schools are emphasized on the mastery of four language competences-linguistic, strategic, sociolinguistic and actional-which will lead to the mastery of discourse competence. Those competences are realized in for language skills (listening, speaking, reading and writing) through the analysis of texts (genres). Therefore, one of the approaches to facilitate the accomplishment of the goals is Genre-based Instruction (GBI). This approach is mainly a language teaching program which is based upon Genre Analysis Technique. This technique deals with anaysing text, both spoken and written, in order to figure out social or commnicative functions, genre structures, lexico-grammatical features of particular genres. Consequently, the learners are able to use the language for appropriate situational and cultural contexts.

Key Words: genre, genre analysis, genre-based instruction (GBI), foreign language classroom, functional grammar


Bhatia, V. 1993. Analysing genre: Language use in professional settings. New York: Longman.

Bradford-Watts, K. 2001. Six texts, two genres: An analysis. Bulletin of Research Institute for Foreign Education, No.10, Kyoto Tachibana Women's University.

Crane, C., Galvanek J., Liamkina O., & Ryshina-Pankova, M. 2002, March. Genre: Where art thou? Tracing the role of genre in the foreign language curriculum. Retrieved from,etal.Irvine2002Paper.htm.

Gerot, Linda and Wignell, Peter. 1995. Making Sense of Functional Grammar. Sydney: Tanya Stabler

Halliday, M.A.K. 1985. An Introduction to Functional Grammar. Great Britain: Edward Arnold.

Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. 2003. Standar Kompetensi Mata Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris untuk SMA dan MA. Jakarta: Balitbang Depdiknas.

Kuiper, K., & Flindall, M. 2000. Social rituals, formulaic speech and small talk at the supermarket checkout. In J. Coupland (Ed.), Small talk. Singapore: Pearson.

McCarthy, M. 2000. Mutually captive audiences: Small talk and the genre of close-contact service encounters. In J. Coupland (Ed.), Small talk. Singapore: Pearson.

Mulyasa, E. 2003. Kurikulum Berbasis Kompetensi: Konsep, Karakteristik, dan Implementasi. Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosdakarya.

Paltridge, B. 2001. Genre and the language learning classroom. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Swales, J. M. 1990. Genre analysis: English in academic and research settings. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.







Ta'dib Visitor

Lisensi Creative Commons
Journal Ta'dib distribute under Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-NonKomersial 4.0 Internasional.

Contact us: Ta'dib; Address: FTIK, IAIN Batusangkar; Jl. Sudirman No. 137 Lima Kaum Batusangkar, Tanah Datar, Sumatera Barat, Indonesia. Email: