PENGARUH VOLUME CAIRAN RUMEN SAPI TERHADAP BERMACAM FESES DALAM MENGHASILKAN BIOGAS

Linda Wati, Yuni Ahda, Dezi Handayani

Abstract


This research is aimed at investigating the influence of cow’s rumen fluid volume toward varied feces in producing biogas. This research has been done since October to December 2013 at Biotechnology laboratory, Faculty and Mathematic Science. The method of this research was completely randomized design (CRD) with factorial in three times. The first factor as the treatment was the type of feces, such as cow, horse, goat, and buffalo’s feces. The second factor was the treatment by adding the volume of cow’s rumen liquid as many as 160 and 320 ml. The control was the treatment without adding the volume of cow’s rumen liquid. The variables that were measured in this research were the volume of biogas and the duration of biogas flame that could be produced. The result of this research shows that the type of feces affected the biogas production. In these treatments, the highest volume of biogas that was produced to the lowest were horse’s feces yield of 226.56 cm3, cow’s feces yield of 71.40 cm3, buffalo’s feces yield of 28.28 cm3, and goat’s feces yield of 2.13 cm3. The addition of rumen liquid can increase the biogas production on cow, goat, and buffalo’s feces, but it did not significantly give the effect on horse’s feces. The positive interaction between addition of rumen liquid and feces shows on cow, goat, and buffalo’s feces. The rumen liquid, however, was not interacted with horse’s feces for producing biogas.

Key words: biogas, rumen fluid, methanogen

References


Badan Pusat Statistika. 2013. Hasil Sensus Per-tanian 2013 Kota Padang. Catalog BPS: Padang.

Bayuseno AP. 2009. Penerapan dan pengujian model teknologi anaerob digester untuk pengolahan sampah buah-buahan dari pa-sar tradisional. Rotasi. Vol.11 (2):5.

Darmanto A, Soeparman S dan Widhi-yanuriawan D. 2012. Pengaruh kondisi temperature mesophilic (350C) dan termophilic (550C) anaerob digester ko-toran kuda terhadap produksi biogas. Jur-nal Teknik Mesin. Vol.3 (2)

Fithry, Y & Sarto. 2010. Pengaruh penambahan cairan rumen sapi pada pembentukan bio-gas dari sampah buah mangga dan se-mangka. Thesis. Program Pasca Sarjana Universitas Gajah Mada.

Gerardi MH. 2003. The Microbiology of An-aerobic Digester. Canada: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

Harahap V. 2007. Uji Beda Komposisi Cam-puran Kotoran Sapi dengan Beberapa Je-nis Limbah Pertanian Terhadap Biogas yang Dihasilkan. Skripsi. Fakultas Per-tanian. Universitas Sumatera Utara: Medan.

Hartono R. 2009. Produksi Biogas dari Jerami Padi dengan Penambahan Kotoran Ker-bau. Seminar Nasional Teknik Kimia Indonesia.

Herawati A & Wibawa AA. 2010. Pengaruh Pretreatment Jerami Padi pada Produksi Biogas dari Jerami Padi dan Sampah Sayur Sawi Hijau secara Batch. Jurnal Rekayasa Proses. Vol.4. No.1.

Korompot ND. 2012. Energi bersih: Indonesia Mau Indonesia Mampu. Media Komu-nikasi Kementrian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral. Edisi 09:33.

Mara IM, dan Ida A. 2011. Analisa Kualitas dan Kuantitas Biogas dari Kotoran Ternak. Jurnal Teknik. Vol 1.(2).

Mujahidah. 2013. Kajian produksi biogas dari sampah basah rumah tangga. Skripsi. Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Penge-tahuan Alam. Universitas Tadulako: Palu

Munandar A & Siswantu. 2011. Evaluasi dampak radioaktivitas udara di yogya-karta pasca kecelakaan pltn fukushima jepang. Prosiding Seminar Penelitian dan Pengelolaan Perangkat Nuklir: Yog-yakarta.

Omed HM, Lovett DK & Axford RFE. 2000. Faeces as A Source of Microbial Enzy-mes for Estimating Digestibility. School of Agricultural and Forest Sciences, Uni-versity of Wales: Gwynedd LL57 2UW, UK Bangor.

Putro, S. 2007. Penerapan Instalasi Sederhana Pengolahan Kotoran Sapi Menjadi Energi Biogas di Desa Sugihan Kecamatan Ben-dosari di Kabupaten Sukoharjo. Warta. Vol: 10(2).

Prihantoro T, Toharmat D, Ewyernie, Suyani & Abdullah L. 2012. Kemampuan Isolate Bakteri Pencerna Serat Asal Rumen Ker-bau pada Berbagai Sumber Hijauan Pa-kan. JITV. 17(3) :189-200.

Saputro RR & Dewi AP. 2009. Pembuatan Biogas dari Limbah Perternakan. Se-marang: Universitas Diponogoro. Spin :1.

Schluter AT et. al. 2008. The Metagenome of a Biogas-Producing Microbial Community of Aproduction-Scale Biogas Plant Fer-menter Analysed by The 454-Pyro-sequencing Technology. Journal of Bio-technology. 136: 77–90.

Siregar RT. 2004. Uji Frekuensi Pengadukan dan Konsentrasi Kotoran Kuda terhadap Produksi Biogas. Skripsi. Universitas Sumatera Utara.

Seadi TA et.al. 2008. Biogas. University of Southern Denmark Esbjerg: Denmark.

Susilowati E. 2009. Uji Pemanfaatan Cairan Rumen Sapi untuk Meningkatkan Ke-cepatan Produksi Biogas dan Konsentrasi Gas Metan dalam Biogas. Thesis. Uni-versitas Gajah Mada.

Susono. 2010. Saatnya Kembangkan Energi Terbaru. Media Informasi dan Ko-munikasi Dewan Energi Nasional. Edisi ke II. Hlm. 13.

Widodo T, Asari ANE. 2006. Rekayasa Dan Pengujian Reaktor Biogas Skala Ke-lompok Tani Ternak. Jurnal Enjiniring Pertanian. Vol.IV, No.1:4.

Wilkie AC. 2005. Anaerobic digestion of dairy manure: Design and Process Consi-derations. NRAES. 176: 301-312.

Windyasmara L, Pertiwiningrum A & Yusiati LM. 2012. Pengaruh Jenis Kotoran Ter-nak sebagai Substrat dengan Penambahan Serasah Daun Jati (Tectona Grandis) terhadap Karakteristik Biogas Pada Pro-ses Fermentasi. Jurnal Perternakan. Vol 36. No 1:40-47.

Yazid M & Aris B. 2011. Seleksi Mikroba Metanogenik Menggunakan Irradiasi Gamma untuk Peningkatan Efesiensi Proses Digesti Anaerob Pembentukan Biogas. Jurnal Iptek Nuklir Ganendra. Vol.14.

Yenni D, Yommi SM, Sari. 2012. Uji Pem-bentukan Biogas dari Substrat Sampah Sayur dan Buah Dengan Ko-Substrat Limbah Isi Rumen Sapi. Jurnal Teknik Lingkungan. UNAND.

Yulistiawati E. 2008. Pengaruh Suhu dan C/N Rasio terhadap Produksi Biogas Berba-han Baku Sampah Organik Sayuran. Skripsi. IPB.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31958/js.v6i1.102

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Linda Wati, Yuni Ahda, Dezi Handayani

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

 

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.